WHO would like to thank Martha Anker for preparing this publication. Thanks are also due to Roberta Andraghetti, Richard Anker, Pierre Formenty, Salma Galal, Claudia Garcia-Moreno, Margaret Lamunu, Simon Mardel, Mike Nathan, Guenael Rodier, Cathy Roth, Mike Ryan, Gail Thomson, Denise Werker, for reviewing this document and providing valuable inputs.


This publication has been a joint effort of the Departments of Gender, Women and Health, and Epidemic and Pandemic Alert and Response, WHO Geneva, under the responsibility of Claudia Garcia-Moreno (GWH) and Cathy Roth (PAR).